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19th Dynasty


Mat-burial of Ka-Nefer-Nefer, found in 1952 by M Zakaria Goneim at Saqqara, above the unfinished pyramid of Sekhemkhet.


Wood coated with plaster and gold foil. Inlaid with pieces of coloured glass.


10.1 cm in length, 8.8 cm in height.

Current Location

Unknown, probably in the Goneim's Saqqara Magazine for the 1952 excavations.


  • A wooded pectoral in the shape of a building with a cavetto cornice. The pectoral is carved in wood and covered with plaster, which was the overlaid with gold foil.
  • On the front, a block border extends around both sides and the bottom, and the top above the cornice. The block pattern is inlaid and consists of a large block followed by two thin stripes and then another large block. The large blocks alternate between red and green, with the stripes in the following pattern:
Red (large) - light green (stripe) - red (stripe) - Green (large) - red (stripe) -light blue (stripe) - Red (large)
  • The cornice is decorated in vertical stripes with each stripe having a rounded top end. These are in the colour pattern:
Dark blue - light green - dark blue - red - Dark blue
  • Inside the naos is an inlaid image of a jackal recumbant on a pedestal. It is not clear from the photographs or text in Goneim whether there is any sort of embossed outline of the shrine beneath Anubis as the inlay on which he is reclining is much smaller than his body. The pedestal, which Goneim describes as a shrine, is inlaid in green glass.
  • Anubis is composed of several pieces of "olive-brown" glass. The line of his mouth is incised, as well as the brow above his eye and the fold of skin which curves paralell to the outline of his right ear. It is unclear from the photograph whether these are sculpted as well. Part of the inlay on Anubis' foreleg has fallen out and been lost.
  • Anubis' scarf is in white glass, and part of it is missing as well.
  • Inscription, above Anubis' haunches read from right to left: Jnpwjmy001.png For colouring, see pictures below.
  • The pictures don't reflect the real condition of the gold leaf on the pectorals--the foil seems to be in fairly poor condition from the photographs, and has flaked away revealing the warped wood beneath in many places.
  • The gold foil has a brownish tarnish.
  • It seems as though both pectorals were strung using tube-shaped eyelets at the top.
  • The back of the pectoral is decorated with a tjet-sign, a djed pillar, and another tjet sign. These are embossed in the gold foil on the back of the pectoral. The cornice is not shown, instead the block border is stretched to the top of the amulet.

Associated Images


Drawing from Goneim 1957, pp25, pp115 (pl XVIII-B). [1] by K M Johnston, 2010.




  1. 1.0 1.1 Goneim, M. Zakaria, Service des Antiquites de L'Egypte. Horus Sekhem-khet - The Unfinished Step Pyramid At Saqqara, Volume 1. Excavations at Saqqara. Imprimerie de L'Institut Francais D'Archeologie Orientale. Cairo. 1957. pp 23-27, Plates LXVII-LXXI


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